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  • Had early governments~Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, and Phalanx.
  • They also changed their governments over time but eventually they became the very first democracy.
  • They were about the people and cared about the citizens thoughts.
  • A chief leader named Solon helped open up high offices for citizens but basically helped ancient greece society.
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  • Had oracles to answer various difficult questions concerning religion and culture.
  • Believed in many gods, mainly Zeus
  • Worshipped their gods in temples
  • Each direction of the wind had it's own god
  • The city Olympia was an important center for religion, many temples were built there.
  • The Olympics were held every four years to honor Zeus
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  • The Athenian Empire and their riches were able to hire the best architects and sculptors to rebuild the Acropolis.
  • After having done many building projects it increase prosperity and would create jobs for artisans and workers.
  • They were also well educated which also helped because some jobs such as thinkers, writers, and artists needed education.

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  • Architecture:
  • On a hilltop was the acropolis which was great marble temples dedicated to gods and goddesses.
  • The most famous Greek temple the Parthenon was dedicated to goddesses Athena.
  • The theater of Herodes Atticus was central to Athenian society.
  • The Temple of Hephaestus at the Agora in Athens, Greece, is one of the best-preserved examples of Doric architecture.
  • Art
  • Carved in rigid poses perhaps imitating Egyptian styles.
  • Emphasized natural poses, such as athletes in motion
  • Their statues was realistic and lifelike but it was also idealistic.
  • The statue of Zeus that once occupied the temple of Zeus was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient Worldacropolis-parthenon-athens-gr5038.jpg
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  • Iron weapons and tools replaced bronze weapons and tools.
  • An alphabet was created.
  • Invented the gastraphetes, a large, compound bow that used a sort of winch to draw back the bow and shoot large arrows
  • An ancient Greek inventor, engineer, and geometer, Archimedes was well known for inventing and developing military technology
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  • Citizenship was very restricted and limited.
  • Women had no rights and were considered inferior to men by nature, their only job was to be a housewife.
  • If the family could afford it, boys only were educated, never girls as they were seen as inferior.
  • Young men were trained in military, but were encouraged to become scholars.
  • Most Athenians were slaves with no rights or freedom.
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  • The Ancient Rome empire lasted from 2000-30 B.C.E. They had many government types such as a Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, and Phalanx. Overall they were the very first to have a Democracy. The people of Ancient Greece were Polytheistic and believed in many gods, mainly Zeus. The city of Olympia was important center for religion. At the acropolis there were great marble temples dedicated to gods and goddesses. The most famous Greek temple was the Parthenon which was dedicated to the goddess Athena. The Greeks carved in rigid poses, perhaps imitating Egyptian styles. They emphasized natural poses such as athletes in motion. Their statues were realistic and lifelike but were also idealistic. The Greeks used iron weapons and tools that replaced bronze tools and weapons. The Athenian Empire was rich and they were able to hire the best architects and sculptors to rebuild the Acropolis. After having done many building projects success increases and would create jobs for artisans and workers.