EGYPT


KATIE ARMSTRONG









ANCIENT EGYPT


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EGYPT TODAY

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ANCIENT
MODERN
POPULATION
-9,000,000
-80,471,869
PER CAPITA INCOME

-$ 6,200
LAND AREA
(KM)

-995,450 kilometers
POLITICS / GOVERNMENT
- Arab Caliphs took over for more than eight centuries.
- Absorbed into the Ottoman empire.
-Republic
-Capital- Cairo
-President Hosni Mubarak resigned,
military now under control.
IMPORTS/EXPORTS
Exports: grain, gold, linen, papyrus,stone objects

Imports: ivory, oil, wild animals(monkeys, baboons)
Exports: papyrus, pottery, glass ,lotion/perfumes,grain

Imports: ginger, iron, wine, nuts, tin, cinnamon, pepper
CULTURAL TRADITIONS
- Decorated tombs with paintings
-Large statues represented Gods
-After life (Gold, jewelery)
- Percussion and voice
-Hieroglyphics
- Modern/ Contemporary art- digital art
- Arabic Language
- Have to keep a distance when talking to eachother
RELIGION
-Polytheistic
- 94% Muslim
- 6% Coptic Christian



TIME-LINE OF IMPORTANT EVENTS:


639 AD- Arab conquest of Egypt, Islam had become the dominant religion.

969 AD- Cairo became the capital of Egypt.

1517 - Egypt absorbed into the Turkish Ottoman Empire.

1798- Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Egypt. A more important result of Napoleon's invasion was the chance discovery of the Rosetta Stone with its Greek and Egyptian inscriptions.
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http://www.greatarchaeology.com/rosetta_stone.htm


1882- British government sent a fleet of ships to Alexandria and took over Egypt.

1948- Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, and Syria attack the new state of Israel.

1953- Egypt is declared as a Republic.

1954- Evacuation Treaty signed, and British Forces finally leave Egypt.

1956- Suez Crisis, Britain, France, and Israel attack Egypt because Egypt was trying to nationalize the Suez Canal.

1961- Egypt and Syria join together and form the United Arab Republic.

1967- Six-Day War in which Israel defeats Egypt, Jordan and Syria. Israel takes control of Sinai, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem and the West Bank.

1973- Egypt and Syria go to war with Israel to reclaim the land they had lost.

1979- Peace treaty between Egypt and Israel is signed and was asked to leave the Arab League.

1989- Egypt is re-invited to the Arab League.

2006- Ferry carrying 1,400 passengers sinks in the Red Sea, 1,000 people end up dying.

2011- Marches, Riots, and protests take place in Cairo to pressure President Hosni Mubarak.

2011- President Hosni Mubarak resigned from being President of Egypt.

WHAT MAKES EGYPT UNIQUE?

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http://www.jaunted.com/tag/Egypt
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http://haysvillelibrary.wordpress.com/2010/02/17/tutankhamuns-new-mummy/

  • Seven wonders of the world- The Great Pyramid and Sphinx
  • Capital is Cairo
  • Member of the Arab League
  • Egyptian art is very elaborate with detailed art creating realistic pictures
  • Tutankhamun's Tomb
  • Nile River- helped development Ancient Egypt
  • El Baharia Oasis
  • Famous for Ancient Civilizations, with historical sites still able to see


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http://www.love-egypt.com/ancient-egypt-art.html






CONCLUSION:

The conquest of Egypt was part of the Islamic/ Arab expansion when the Prophet Muhammad had died and when Arab tribes had begun to move to Iraq and Syria. Amr ibn al As, the "Muslim Hero," changed Egypt from a Christian country into a Muslim country,speaking the Arabic Language while adapting the Muslim culture. Moving through time Egypt is know as a Arabic Republic. The president Hosni Mubarak had became the 4th president of Egypt and governed for over 30 years. He resigned February 11th 2011 due to riots, marches and revolts in Cairo. These revolts had taken place because the President had acted like a dictator and didn't give the people what they had wanted. Now authority over Egypt belongs to the Supreme Council of Armed Forces. Overtime Egypt has transformed into a thriving country becoming one of the seven wonders of the world. They will hopefully be able to connect the puzzle pieces back together when finding their new president hoping to make Egypt a better country then it already is.

Egypt


BIBLIOGRAPHY:

http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/574988?terms=egypt
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/eg.html
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/egypt/index.html?scp=1-spot&sq=egypt&st=cse