JORDANBy: Alison Arnold

jordan-map.jpgexternal image PalestineMap.jpg

Modern and ancient maps of Jordan



Ancient
Modern
Population
Mostly bedouins
6,407,085
Still many bedouins
Per Capita Income

$4,300
Land Area
Petra became an important crossroad
Jordan was a "blessed landscape" to Arabs
(shrines and tombs were there)
34,495 square miles
Political System
Many people took over over time
Constitutional Monarchy
King Abdullah
Imports/Exports
Exports: Sugar
Petra was a commercial area with a lot of trade
Tourism is a major way of making money
Exports: Phosphates, fertilisers, agricultural products
Cultural Traditions
Caravan stops, bathhouses, and palaces
built in Jordan desert by Umayyads
98% Arab
many bedouins
Use of camels
Religions
Islam
98% Sunni
2% Christian

TIMELINE

1517 - Ottoman Turks conquer Jordan
1918 - Arab forces attack and conquer Deraa (Jordan)
1921 - Britian gains control of the territory which at the time was called Transjordan
1946 - Transjordan gained independence from Britian
1948- The country is now called Jordan. After Israel is created, Jordanians attack it and took control of East Jerusalem.
1952 - Jordan creates a constitution
1953 - King Hussein rules Jordan
external image King_Hussein_Jordan.jpg
King Hussein
1956 - Jordanians attack UN Palestine truce
1967 - Jordan and other Arab countries fight against Israel during the 6 Day War
1967 - Israel regains control of Jerusalem and many Palestinians flee to Jordan
1991 - Jordan becomes the fourth Arab country to sign on to a US-backed Middle East peace conference
1993 - King Hussein let Islamic parties run for parliament but rewrote voting rules so a limited number of seats could win
1994 - Israel and Jordan sign a peace treaty and open a path between the two countries for the first time
external image YE0184295_wa.jpg
Israel and Jordan Have a Peace Treaty
1997 - Parliamentary elections boycotted by parties, associations, and figures
1999 - King Hussein dies, prince Abdullah becomes king
external image falzone-michele-the-treasury-petra-jordan.jpgexternal image 25_by_bedouin_life.jpg
Ancient City of Petra and a Bedouin Tribesman
Modern Bedouins



Conclusion:
Jordan has retained peaceful, diverse traditions for many years. Because 98% of the population are Sunni Arabs, most of the people share the same ideas so its easy for them to get along. Over time, Jordan has changed but kept some of its original factors as well. Petra, for example, was an important crossroad in ancient times and is still a very commercial area today. Of course the things that are being sold have changed from donkeys and camels to necklaces and bracelets but the Jordanians of the area still share similar values. Geographically, being in the dessert has created challenges yet new traditions for the Jordanians. In ancient times, bedouin tribesmen populated the area as they still do today. In modern times, there has been more conflict than in ancient times especially with Israel. For now, there is peace but the not so peaceful background between the two has caused major problems. The most important causes of changes in Jordan is first the allowance of Britian to let Jordan become its own country. Also, Petra in ancient and modern times has allowed a much better economy for the country. One source says that if Petra could become one of the seven wonders of the world, tourism would massively increase. Jordan relies a lot on tourism, and they've learned that the less war, the more tourists! As long as Jordan stays peaceful and beautiful as it was when I was there, it will be successful for many more years to come.

Bibliography:
ABC Cleo
Timeline
BBC timeline
BBC Jordan
Bedouin Picture
Petra picture
King Hussein Picture
Peace Treaty Picture