Maurya and Gupta

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Maurya- 324 BCE--185 BCE
Gupta - 320 - 500 AD



-Candra Gupta was the powerful ruler of Gupta

-He took over the Mauryan Empire which was divided into 4 regions headed by one viceroy, then broken into smaller provinces led by governors, and then into districts, and finally into villages

-Bureaucracy = model government, monarchy

-Military = 60,000 people

-Mauryan Empire rulers were all in the Gupta familygupta.jpg

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- In Gupta empire there were 3 major religions: Hinduism, Buddism, Jainism.- During Gupta's empire, the Hinduism became more important and the Buddism, started to dissapear.- In Maurya empire the 3 major religions were: Brahmasian, Buddism, Jainism.- The Mauryans also respected the Ahisma, it's an important tenet of the indian religions. Ahisma is a rule of conduct that bars the killing or injuring of living behind.- At maurya's time, 84 000 stupas were built. A stupa is a big Domes that represent Buddha.They were made of stone and bricks who contains relics believed to be of the Budha himself.


-Candra Gupta II promoted arts and crafts, including manufacturing fine fabrics

-Poets, artists, musicians, scientists, astronomy, math, medicine, architecture, painting, writing, sculptures were encouraged by Gupta under his reign

-Coins had descriptibe pictures on them


- Usualy the buildings in Gupta's empire were made of wood and bricks. They were framed with strong wood pillars that were ornamented with precious metals.

- The Mauryan monuments had the Hypostyle wich means that they have a flat ceiling wich is supported by columns.

-The guptans practiced the metallurgy. They did a lot of sculpture in bronze and Iron.

- The monuments are usually dedicated to the gods. A lot of painting were made for Buddha And other Buddist god.

- The temples at Gupta time were simple, usually rectangle or square with patterns on the wall.

- The artists were influenced by the persian (Persian figuative styles).

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- Gupta improved Algebra greatly, as well as inventing the concepts of 0, infinity, and the numerals 1-9

- Also, the Gupta civilization made many advances in astronomy, and physics, such as the ideas of gravity and ideas about the planets in our solar system

- First proposed in India that the Earth was round

- The Mauryan Civilization had many great creations, one of them being the water wheel, which was used for irrigation and it was also powered by cattle. More creations of the Mauryan civilizations were catapults, ballistate, battering rams, and other siege engines.
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- Equality between the three major religions (Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism) of the era was supported

- There was a major time of peace during the Gupta Empire

- Prior to the Mauryan dynasty, migrants from the Hindu Kush brought with them the caste system which still exists to this day

-The caste system put people into categories, in the caste system if you were in a higher ranking you got treated much better than all the lower classes and there was no upward mobility because once you were born to a certain caste you couldn't do anything about it
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Summary of your civilization's achievements:The Mauryan and Gupta civilizations were very advanced and thrived in their areas of India at the time. The Gupta family ruled both civilizations and Candra Gupta II was the man who made the biggest impact in both these places. He led their economy to thrive with the promotion of the arts and religion included Hinduism, Buddism, Brahmasian, and Jainism. These religions were treated equally by the people and many monuments were made to the gods, especially to the Buddha, and their artwork was inspired by the Persians. The Mauryan's and Gupta's were both crafty, but at the same time they were incredibly smart. Many advances in physics, astronomy, and algebra were made by these civilizations. Overall, Maurya and Gupta were both wonderful civilizations who contributed a lot to our planet and they will not be forgotten.