Nigeria- Islamic spread through Africa

NIGERIA By Mabella Barnor




Ancient Nigeria


external image Nigeria%20map.gif

Modern Nigeria
external image nigeria-map.gif







ANCIENT
MODERN
Population

152,217,341
Per Capita Income

$ 2,400
Land Area sq. miles

356,669 sq. miles
Political System/ Gov't
Controlled by British
Federal Republic
Imports/Exports
Slaves, guns, metal, jewelry, liquor
Electricity, Oil, Natural Gas, Cocoa, and Rubber
Cultural Traditions
Nok people

Religions
Christianity, Muslim
Muslim-50%
Christianity-40%
Indigenous Beliefs-10%

Timeline

9th Century CE- Isalm was first introduced and well established in Kanem Bornu Empire
1400- The Yoruba Kingdom of Oyo founded
1472- Portuguese settlers become first Europeans to live in Nigeria
1800's- Muslim Fulani empire is in power
1809- Fulani establish capital at Sokoto; dominate Hausa Kingdoms
1903- Britain takes control, creating system of indirect rule
1914- Britain unites northern and southern regions forming colony of Nigeria
1960- Nigeria gains independence and joins united nations; New government and constitution; First president Hamani Diori
1967-70- Eastern region of Nigeria proclaim as Republic of Biafra; leads to civil war
1970- Dramatic increase in world prices boost economy
1979- Nigeria returns to civilian government rule
1983- Military takes over again
1999- Military rule ends; Nigerians vote in presidential elections
2003- Olusegan Obasanjo is elected president marking first civilian transfer of power in Nigerian History

Important Information on Nigeria
  • 250 Ethnic Groups-largest are Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba, and Ibo
  • About 2/3 of Nigerians work off $1 per day
  • Communities lack services and health care, incounter poverty, and immense pollution
  • Economy declining from slumps; making government rely on foreign trade

SUMMARY
The start of the Islamic expansion into Nigeria, the most populated country in Africa, had begun with religious archives adopting Islam as a religion, and people such as King Idris Alooma introducing Islamic courts and creating mosques. The influences of the Middle East had kept Nigeria up to speed on the trade routes and cultural diffusion. In the modern country of Nigeria, causes of the many changes going on about the government and religion is due to the fact of tensions between Muslims and Christians. The government is incorperated with these conflicts because of the certain high positions and posts that are being elected and tensions and riots do break out. Over time Nigeria has still kept its traditional beliefs on family issues, holidays, and celebration, but mostly have kept the Islam religion as higher up in class than many other ethnic communities, which could be a harmful issue. Today, Nigeria has been very successful in their economy with oil exports; strong political leaders; and try to be fair with all the very unique cultures being represented. All together, Nigeria can be described as a progressing nation, which has overcome many challenges due to the significant racial barriers, but is achieving to new changes.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/Nigeria.html
http://www.easyvoyage.co.uk/nigeria/lagos-2575
http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/teachers/aw/wr/article/0,28138,1045130,00.html
http://www.uiowa.edu/~africart/toc/countries/Nigeria.html
http://worldgeography.abc-clio.com/Topics/Display/134?cid=41