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By:Tyler Henry & Ade Bright




Ancient:
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Ancient Saudi Arabia



Modern:
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Modern Saudi Arabia



Ancient
Modern
Population
Unkown
26,131,703
Per Capita Income
Unkown
$24,200 USD
Land Area(Sq Mi)
Unknown
2,149,690 sq mi
Political System/Gov't
Monarchy
Monarchy
(Based on Sharia Laws)
Imports/Exports
Unknown
Imports: Machinery and equipment,
food, and chemicals
Exports: Oil, Petroleum
Cultural Traditions
Nomadic tribal societies
National Anthem- Aash Al Maleek
Ethnic Makeup- Arabs, Afro-Asians
Woman cannot show faces
Religons
Unknown
100% Muslims
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Timeline:
July 16, 622 - Muhammad forced to flee Mecca for Medina

1744 - Mohammed Ibn Saud finds first Saudi State

1802 - Mecca is conquered by the Wahhabis

1812 - Wahhabis are driven out of Mecca by the local population

1865 - Civil war, the dynasty falls apart and Arabia became divided between different clans and the Ottomans

1871 - The Ottomans take control of the province of Hasa

1906 - Abdul Aziz regained control of the Nejd region

1906 - Abdul Aziz regained control of the Hasa region

1917 - Arab army led by Feisal Hussein and Bedouin cheif Auda Abu Taiya faught Turkish forcesat Aqaba killing 300 and capturing 160 Turkish soldiers

1918 - Arab forces attacked and seized Deraa (Jordan)

1918 - Arab prince Feisal took control of Syria

1923 - King Fahd was borin in Riyadh

1924 - Mecca regained

1925 - Medina retaken

1927 - Saudi Arabia Became independent from Great Britain with the Treaty of Jedda

1932 - The conquered territories is unified and named Saudi Arabia. Abdul Aziz becomes king

1938 - Oil is discovered. Saudi Arabia starts to become rich

1957 - Relations with USA is enhanced. Declared that Gulf of Aqaba was Saudi territory

1960 - Saudi Arabia participated in the construction of OPEC in Baghdad, in order to help sustain oil prices

1963 - Saudi Arabia mobilised its army after deteriorated relations with Egypt

1973 - Arab oil - producting nations announced they would begin cutting back on oil exports Western nations and Japan; he results was a total embarge that lasted until March 1974

1980 - Saudi Arabia beheaded 63 people in towns across the country for their roles in the November 1979 raid on the Grand Mosque in Mecca

1986 - World oil prices dipped below $10 a barrel

1990 - Some 1,402 Muslim pilgrams were killed in a stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel leading to Mecca in Saudi Arabia

1990 - President Bush ordered U.S troops and warplanes to Saudi Arabia to guard the oil-rich desert kingdom against a possible invasion of Iraq. The U.S Persian Gulf War began.

1994 - The Saudis chose AT&T for a $4billion telecommunications project

1996 - The Saudi dept load is already equal to about $100billion

2001 - Iran and Saudi Arabia signed a pact to fight terrorism and drug trafficing

2005 - Saudi police killed four terrorist believed to be linked to al-Qaida after the militants fled their desert while throwing hand grenades at surrounding forces

2005 - August 1, 2005, Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz, known as "Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques" succeeded the throne upon the death of his half-brother, King Fahd

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2007 - In Saudi Arabia the annual 5-day hajj came to a close as 3 million pilgrams participated

2010 - officials announce arrest of 149 militant over past eight months, most of them allegadly belonging to al-Qaida

2011 - Public protest banned, after small demonstrations in mainly Shia areas of the east.




Flag of Saudi Arabia: The flag was established on March 15, 1973. It's green background features a white Arabic inscription and sword. The script on the flag is written in Thuluth script. It is the Shahada or Islamic declaration of faith: "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah!" The sword symbolizes Justice.
Flag of Saudi Arabia: The flag was established on March 15, 1973. It's green background features a white Arabic inscription and sword. The script on the flag is written in Thuluth script. It is the Shahada or Islamic declaration of faith: "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah!" The sword symbolizes Justice.


Modern day capital of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh
Modern day capital of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh
Hajj in Mecca: 5-day annual travel to pray all day
Hajj in Mecca: 5-day annual travel to pray all day

Oil Refinery
Oil Refinery

Modern day Saudi Arabia Currency (On the left is pictures of different Kings and on the right is places in Saudi Arabia)
Modern day Saudi Arabia Currency (On the left is pictures of different Kings and on the right is places in Saudi Arabia)


























US President Barack Obama (L) shakes hands with Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud after he was presented with the King Abdul Aziz Order of Merit
US President Barack Obama (L) shakes hands with Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud after he was presented with the King Abdul Aziz Order of Merit



The Saudi Arabian national emblem (Arabic: شعار السعودية‎) was adopted in 1950. According to the Saudi Constitution it consists of two crossed swords with a palm tree in the open upper space between the blades. The swords represents the two areas Hijaz and Nejd united under Ibn Saud in 1926
The Saudi Arabian national emblem (Arabic: شعار السعودية‎) was adopted in 1950. According to the Saudi Constitution it consists of two crossed swords with a palm tree in the open upper space between the blades. The swords represents the two areas Hijaz and Nejd united under Ibn Saud in 1926







Conclusion:


Saudi Arabia is a holy and diverse country, with lots of culture and rich traditions. While being the 21st richest country in the world, it still maintains its beautiful Muslim faith and culture. Over the years, the area has not changed. Modernity and traditions have clashed because of conflicts with big office buildings and oil refineries. Ever since the oil find in 1938, the country has became a major import/export country to countries, such as the United States. In the 1990’s, Saudi Arabia was the central point of the Gulf War that occurred between Kuwait, United States, NATO Allied forces and Iraq. Being influenced by surrounding countries, it continues to struggle to convince the world that they are not a terrorist nation or house terrorists. With the new modern changes it has not affected its Saudi Arabia’s Muslim traditions and culture but rather the influences of other civilizations.


Bibliography:
www.wikipedia.com

http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com

www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/

www.cnn.com

www.youtube.com

www.bbc.co.uk/

http://worldgeography.abc-clio.com